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Amazon.fr : Modenna Face Mask Jetable Bleu 50Pcs …



N95 vs masques chirurgicaux vs en tissu vs anti-poussière. École de décoration de gâteaux. Vidéos pour les produits connexes. 0:51. Cliquez pour lire la vidéo. Masques KN95 confortables de grande valeur. Impact Médias Visuels. Vidéos pour les produits connexes. 1:51. Cliquez pour lire la vidéo. Face Gaurd Hack pour le garder attaché à votre masque… pour de vrai ! Raphaela Laurean. Vidéos pour les produits connexes. 3:36. Cliquez pour lire la vidéo. BEUIO Visage…



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Comment feriez-vous face à une situation comme celle de l’Afghanistan ?


L’Afghanistan n’a jamais été un endroit où je pense que j’aimerais vivre,
mais ça n’a fait qu’empirer. Les talibans viennent de prendre le relais, et regardez ce qu’ils font :
Beaucoup de points de contrôle partout, tenus par des gars avec des fusils
et aucun oubli évident. S’ils t’arrêtent et n’aiment pas quelque chose, tu te fais battre
ou peut-être abattu. Ils contrôlent l’accès aux endroits où vous pourriez avoir envie d’aller (aéroport).
Les femmes sont battues ou maltraitées parce qu’elles s’habillent de manière impudique (ne se couvrent pas le visage).
Auparavant, les femmes n’étaient pas autorisées à aller à l’école ou au travail ; et ne pouvait
faire du shopping sans escorte masculine.

Vous connaissez déjà le reste. Donc, si vous/nous étions soudainement envahis par un
gouvernement voyou, comment le géreriez-vous ?



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Surgical Face Mask: 15 Things You Should Know Before Buying


Over the last few months, we’ve seen a great discussion regarding face masks and their effectiveness in the fight against COVID-19. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has alone changed its face masks recommendations several times.

The CDC advised at first that masks should be worn by only those who have symptoms, and then they stated that everyone should wear a face mask outside of their home. This has stirred up the world and created a high demand for face masks.

People started selling and buying masks everywhere, without really knowing whether they are certified, approved by the WHO and FDA, or whether they’re efficient.

Soon, the rumors about surgical masks being highly effective spread, and the demand for these masks was at its all-time-high.

However, there was a problem, and is there even today; there’s wasn’t and isn’t enough surgical masks for everyone, and the priority always shifts to healthcare workers and first responders.

Even today, the CDC urges people to not wear surgical masks, for logical reasons; doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers need those masks the most. But if you do come across a surgical mask and decide to wear it, here’s what you should know!

But, before we start, make sure to check out Dr. Richard Davis conducting two demonstrations about how wearing a mask can block respiratory particles. In the first demonstration, he talked, sang, coughed, and sneezed without a mask, and in the other, he used a mask. The result surely speak for themselves;

Remember that wearing a mask, regardless of what kind, can lower your risk of getting infected or infecting someone else. Wearing a mask, alongside other safety measures can save lives!

Surgical Face Mask: 15 Things To Know Before Buying

  • Surgical masks are disposable, loose-fitting devices used to prevent virus transmission and potential contamination of one’s nose, mouth, and respiratory system.
  • Surgical masks are FDA-regulated masks, intended for medical application.
  • Surgical masks, both in the USA and EEA need to conform to the ASTM F2100 and EN 14683 standards. In both standards, there needs to be Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) higher than 95% with particles of size higher than 3.0 μm.
  • Surgical masks should have at least three layers and be made from nonwoven fabric via the melt blowing process.
  • The CDC and the WHO recommend surgical masks only be worn by health care staff, and the general public should opt for cloth or disposable face masks.
  • Several emerging studies show that surgical masks can be as effective against COVID-19 as N95 or KN95 masks.
  • Surgical masks can cause skin irritation, rashes, acne breakout, breathing difficulties, and overall irritability.
  • According to CDC, surgical and face masks should wear anyone over the age of 2, provided they don’t have specific illnesses and conditions which prevent them from wearing a mask.

1. What Are Surgical Face Masks?

Surgical masks are loose-fitting, disposable devices that are designed and created to prevent potential contaminants from entering your mouth and nose.

These masks are regulated under 21 CFR 878.4040, as stated by the FDA. These masks are created to have a one-time use and are not to be shared.

Often referred to as face masks, surgical masks can also be labeled as isolation, dental, and medical procedure masks (but not all face masks are regulated as surgical masks). Surgical masks may come with or without a face shield.

Medical protective mask
Image Source: Terry Cralle, RN

2. Are Surgical Face Masks Tested And Approved?

Surgical masks are FDA-regulated masks, approved for medical purposes and use. These masks are designed to be fluid resistant and ensure the proper protection against hazardous bodily fluids (droplets, splashes, sprays – coughing, sneezing).

However, surgical masks are not certified as respirator masks, and shouldn’t be confused with respirator masks.

In the Europe Economic Area (EEA), surgical masks have to be certified through the CE marking process, before commercialization (a product needs to conform with health, safety, and environmental protection before sold within EEA). This means that the masks need to be made with respect to Medical Device Regulations, or directives for medical devices.

Surgical masks, both in the USA and EEA need to conform to the ASTM F2100 and EN 14683 standards. In both standards, there needs to be Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) higher than 95% with particles of size higher than 3.0 μm.

3. What Is The Purpose Of A Surgical Face Mask?

Surgical masks are intended to protect the wearer from any form of hazardous bodily fluid if worn properly. The masks are also intended to create a barrier between the wearer of the mask and the particles like bacteria, viruses, or fluid that may contain bacteria or viruses.

Surgical masks may reduce the risk of exposure to contaminants, saliva, and respiratory secretions of others, or may lower the risk of you exposing other people to the same contaminants and bodily fluids.

4. How Are Surgical Face Masks Made?

Surgical masks are made of nonwoven fabric, created using a melt blowing process. These masks are made in different thickness levels, so they have different protective efficiency.

That is why it is important to bear in mind that not every surgical mask is made equally the same, nor do they have the same protective efficiency.

Surgical masks are often three-ply (have three layers). The three-ply material is made from melt-blown polymer, placed between the nonwoven fabric. The masks can often expand in such a way to cover the area from the nose to the chin, and they are secured to the head with either head ties, elastic straps or ear loops.

Surgical Masks have 3 layers
Image Source: Terry Cralle

5. Who Should Wear A Surgical Face Mask?

The CDC and the WHO recommend surgical masks only to be worn by health care staff during the evaluation of and care for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, as stated by Health Departments across the US.

However, if someone does have a surgical mask, they can wear it. But, it is better if they choose alternative masks, especially if they’re asymptomatic.

6. Are Surgical Masks Efficient?

Surgical masks are effective when it comes to blocking splashes and large-particle droplets.

However, they do not provide complete protection from germs, bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants, because these masks are loose-fitting.

There’s always space between the mask and the face, which doesn’t make surgical masks 100% efficient. Surgical masks DO NOT filter or block very small airborne particles that can be transmitted by sneezing, coughing, or during medical procedures.

However, with respect to some infections, like influenza, surgical masks appear just as effective as N95, KN95 respiratory face masks, and FFP masks.

Collection efficiency of surgical masks can range from 10% to 90%, depending on the mask manufacturer and the test parameters used during the NIOSH certification.

Studies show that most of the surgical masks fail the OSHA-accepted qualitative fit tests, and there is usually a 12% to 25% of leakage with these masks.

7. Are Surgical Masks Effective Against COVID-19 (Coronavirus)?

Three randomized studies have shown that surgical masks can be just as effective as N95 or KN95 respiratory face masks against COVID-19, only if worn properly and if the loose-fit is fixed as much as possible.

These masks, just like the respiratory face masks can reduce hand-to-face contact, as well as lower the risk of getting infected or infecting someone else.

8. How Is The Performance Of A Surgical Face Mask Evaluated?

The performance of a surgical mask is evaluated using the parameters of filtrations, exposure, mask airflow resistance, liquid penetration resistance, air and water vapor permeability, and water repellency.

9. Are Surgical Masks Disposable?

Surgical masks are made for one-time use and aren’t intended to be used more than once. They are also made to be disposable.

If you notice that a mask is damaged, or if the breathing through the mask becomes difficult, you should remove the mask and dispose of it safely.

Make sure to dispose of the mask using a plastic bag, which you will throw in the trash. It is essential you wash your hands with soap or alcohol-based sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol) after handling a used surgical, or any kind of mask.

10. How To Recognize A Certified Surgical Face Mask?

Certified surgical masks are supposed to come with labeling that accurately describes the product as a surgical mask. There should also be a list of the body contacting materials, as well as the uses for antimicrobial and antiviral protection, infection prevention, protection during a surgical procedure, or any other related uses.

However, it is important to know that the FDA does NOT issue any kind of certification to demonstrate a manufacturer is in compliance with the FDA requirements.

The FDA also does NOT have a list of all counterfeit or fraudulent products.

They also do NOT have a list of mask suppliers.

11. What Are The Limitations Of Surgical Masks?

  • Limited supply due to high demand.
  • Have to be safely handled; these masks shouldn’t be touched, and if touched, the person wearing/touching the mask needs to wash their hands thoroughly.
  • Surgical masks cannot be washed.
  • Surgical masks cannot be reused, even if the FDA and CDC advise possible extended use or reuse as a part of the protective measure strategy.
  • Surgical masks need to be discarded immediately if there are signs of damage or deformity if the mask is wet, dirty, if breathing becomes difficult, if the mask is contaminated by blood, saliva, respiratory secretion, or any other bodily fluid.

12. Are Surgical Masks Harmful?

study shows that heart rate, microclimate (temperature and humidity), and general bodily functions are significantly affected when wearing a surgical mask.

High breathing resistance makes it difficult for individuals to breathe and take in sufficient amounts of oxygen.

A shortage of oxygen is proven to affect the nervous system and heart rate, which can further cause stress and reduce work tolerance. There is further evidence of surgical masks causing skin irritation, thermal stress, itchiness, fatigue, and overall discomfort while wearing the mask.

13. Should Children Wear Surgical Masks?

Surgical or face masks should NOT be worn by children younger than two, due to suffocation risk. However, children older than the age of two should be wearing surgical or facial masks, according to the latest CDC update. Even children with special health conditions, with rare exceptions, are supposed to wear facial masks.

However, children who are unable to remove a face mask on their own should NOT wear one in the first place. Children should wear a face or surgical mask in child care, at school, or in case they cannot stay 6 feet away from others.

14. Where Can I Buy Certified Surgical Face Masks?

  • Amazon – there seem to be numerous stores on Amazon that sell legit, certified, and registered surgical, disposable masks. You can buy a variety of packs, for rather affordable prices. We recommend you check out some of the stores and see which offers are the best for your needs.
  • CovCare – here you can buy certified and FDA approved disposable surgical masks in packs of 50, 100, 250, 500 masks, as well as amounts of over 20 to 500 boxes of masks. There is currently a sale on the site, so make sure to check CovCare out. This is a credible and reliable source of personal protective equipment for the general public as well as the medical staff.
  • LecheeUS – here you can buy packs of registered surgical masks for affordable prices. The masks are FDA approved, and the company ships the masks for free within the US. The masks are also intended for the general public, so by buying these you won’t have to worry about interfering with the supplies for medical workers.

15. What Are The Best Alternatives For Surgical Face Masks?

Some tests have shown that DIY masks can filter a percentage of virus-sized particles.

Sure, these are not as effective as respiratory face masks, but they can still provide protection and reduce hand-to-face contact.

Mask protection level
Image Source: Terry Cralle

You can also purchase N95 or KN95 respiratory face masks, which are currently the best-performing masks when it comes to virus filtration and protection.

Either way, regardless of which other masks you choose, you will do a good job and enable surgical masks to be more available for health care staff.

Also Read:





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Pleated Face Mask Pattern with Ties or Elastic


The DIY face mask pattern in this post will teach you to make a pleated fabric face mask with either elastic ear loops or fabric ties.

If you can’t find elastic to make elastic ear loops, the pattern includes additional instructions to make and use fabric ties. You can make fabric ties from cotton fabric, t-shirt material, or ready-made bias binding.

You can make this easy fabric face mask with or without an optional interior filter pocket. The filter pocket allows the wearer to insert additional layers of filtration material if they so desire.

The pattern also includes instructions for inserting nose wire into the upper nose bridge section to create a better fitting fabric mask.

A free printable PDF version of these pattern instructions is available at the bottom of the post. And you can watch the video tutorial on Youtube.

If you don’t have a sewing machine, I have a separate post with 5 Ways to Make a No-Sew Face Mask and another free pattern showing you How to Fold a No-Sew Bandana Face Mask.

fabric mask for hospitals with filter pocket, fabric ties, and bendable nose piece

Is there a need for Fabric Face Masks?

Yes! The CDC says that the use of cloth masks can help slow the spread of disease.

Many makers have asked for a pattern to sew homemade surgical-style face masks for their families, communities, and local hospitals.

There is currently a high demand for all types of face masks. Since disposable masks are hard to come by, many people have been making fabric masks to use as protective face coverings.

Members of the community are encouraged to use reusable fabric face masks and other face coverings when in public, or in situations where social-distancing is difficult

What’s more, since there is such a high demand for protective equipment for health care workers, many hospitals across the country have requested homemade surgical masks as an emergency stopgap measure.

According to the CDC, fabric masks are a crisis response option when other supplies have been exhausted.

The CDC Now Recommends the Use of Cloth Face Coverings

Federal health officials now recommend people over the age of 2 cover their mouths and noses with cloth face masks when in public.

This is a voluntary public health measure meant to help “stop the spread” when people must visit public spaces such as grocery stores and public transit stations.

CDC is additionally advising the use of simple cloth face coverings to slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.

Sewing a cloth face mask for yourself will allow medical grade surgical masks and N95 masks to be reserved health care professionals and patients.

Homemade Face Masks are Helpful

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has explained that wearing a cloth mask can help protect the people around you, especially essential workers or other people with risk factors.

The CDC explains that while homemade masks are not a substitute for social distancing, they are an important tool for protecting ourselves and others.

Everyone should wear a cloth face cover when they have to go out in public, for example to the grocery store or to pick up other necessities.

CDC.gov

Making and wearing fabric face masks is important because it helps to reserve medical facemasks meant for healthcare workers.

I strongly caution you before you spend time sewing these masks:

  1. Follow the CDC guidelines as the situation develops.
  2. Contact your local hospital and clinic to ensure that they are accepting masks, and that any masks you make will meet their individual guidelines.

The Best Fabric to Use to Make A Face Mask

Researchers at Cambridge University tested the effectiveness of a wide range of household materials for use in homemade masks. They measured how well the household materials could capture and filter small particles.

Test data shows that the best choices for DIY fabric masks are cotton t-shirts, pillowcases, or other cotton materials. Using a double layer of material for your DIY mask adds a small increase in filtration effectiveness.

Other research has found that most effective masks were constructed of two layers of heavyweight “quilters cotton” with a thread count of at least 180, and had a thicker and tighter weave.

This face mask pattern has 2 layers of fabric, and an internal pocket in which you can add additional layers of disposable filtration material if desired.

Best Fitting Face Mask

We all know that face masks need to fit well and be comfortable in order for them to be the most effective. I’ve written a guide with lots of ideas about how to adjust mask patterns and fix premade masks for the best fitting mask.

An Important Distinction

Homemade face masks are not as effective as the N95 filtration mask recommended by the CDC, and are not a substitute for proper PPE.

Rather, they are meant:

  1. To respond to the hospitals’ requests for emergency backup masks.
  2. To help community members “slow the spread” in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.

Sources for further reading: Cambridge StudyNatureOcc. Env MedAnnals Occ Hygiene)

Some Hospitals are Requesting Homemade Surgical Masks

Some hospitals and clinics accepting donations of homemade face masks. Organizations like Masks for Heroes have a searchable database of facilities currently seeking donations. If you are wondering where you can donate masks, they can help you find a hospital or clinic that needs them.

Before you spend time sewing a large batch of masks to donate, please call first to ask if they are accepting them. You should ask if this face mask pattern (2 layers of fabric with a pocket for additional disposable inserts) will meet their requirements. You should also ask about drop-off/pick-up procedures.

materials for a fabric hospital mask

DIY Face Mask Pattern

The finished adult mask will be 7.75″ wide and 3.75″ tall.

View the full video tutorial on Youtube!

Materials

  • 100% cotton fabric (with a tight weave)
  • 1/8″ flat elastic for ear loops, or 4 fabric ties (you can use the same cotton fabric to make strips, use pre-made bias binding, or strips of cotton jersey)
  • fabric scissors
  • ruler
  • pins or clips
  • sewing machine and thread

Cut List

For an adult size mask:

  • Cut 1 fabric rectangle 16″ long and 8.5″ wide (40.5 cm by 21.5 cm)
  • Cut 2 pieces of elastic, each 7″ long (or up to 8″ for larger adult size) (18 cm – 20 cm)

For a small child-size mask:

  • Cut 1 fabric rectangle 14″ long and 6.5″ wide (35.5 cm by 16.5 cm)
  • Cut 2 pieces of elastic, each 6″ long (15 cm)

For a large child-size mask:

  • Cut 1 fabric rectangle 15″ long and 7.5″ wide (38 cm by 19 cm)
  • Cut 2 pieces of elastic, each 6.5″ long (16.5 cm)

For fabric ties, if you aren’t using elastic:

  • Cut 4 rectangles 18″ long by 1.75″ wide (46 cm by 4.5 cm). Fold the long sides to meet in the middle, then fold in half again to encase the raw edges. Stitch down the length of the rectangles along the edge to create the ties.
  • 18″ may be too long for some people, especially kids. Please feel free to trim this down.
diagram showing how to sew fabric masks for hospitals

Step 1: Sew to the top side, with pocket

Fold the fabric rectangle in half, with the right sides facing each other.

Sew along the top 8.5″ width edge, using a large 5/8″ seam allowance. Leave a 3″ – 4″ opening in the center of this seam to create an opening for the filter pocket, and to allow the mask to be turned right side out after sewing. In the picture above, I’ve marked this opening with pins.

Update: Some people are finding it easier to insert/remove additional filter material if they make a larger opening. Instead of leaving a 3″ opening, you could make a 4″ inch opening.

materials and supplies to sew a face mask

Don’t want a filter pocket? If you don’t want or need a pocket, that’s totally fine. You will still need to leave an opening so that you can turn the mask right side out. After you’ve attached the elastic or ties (in the next step) and turned the mask right side out, you can stitch the opening closed. Then you can continue with the rest of the directions.

sewing the seam for the filter pocket in a fabric surgical mask

Next, turn the fabric so that the seam with the pocket opening is centered in the middle of one side. Using an iron, press the seam open.

Fold the excess seam allowance under, encasing the raw edge of the fabric. Topstitch or zig-zag stitch along each side of this seam to finish the edge. This will help keep the fabric from fraying when you insert and remove any filters.

See the next photo or the video for clarification.

sewing the seams for a homemade fabric surgical mask

Step 2: Pin Elastic or Fabric Ties

If Using Elastic:

Pin one piece of elastic to each side of the mask, one end to the top corner and one end to the bottom corner of the fabric rectangle. This will create the ear loop once the mask is turned right side out and pleated. Place the ends of the elastic about 1/4″ to 1/2“ from the top and bottom corners of the fabric.

The piece of elastic itself will be sandwiched between the two layers of fabric. Once you turn the mask right side out, the elastic will be on the outside.

Repeat this process on each side to make two ear loops.

pinning fabric ties to the cloth mask
fabric ties or elastic on the inside of the mask before sewing

Alternative – Use fabric ties:

If you can’t find elastic, or prefer to use fabric ties, you can use 4 fabric ties, one in each corner. Each tie will be 18″ long. Sew one tie in each corner, being careful not to catch the ties in the side seams.

You can also use twill tape, bias tape, or strips from cotton jersey (t-shirt fabric).

The finished mask will then be worn by tying the fabric strips behind the head. See notes at the bottom of the post.

Step 3: Sew the Sides, Securing the Ties

With a 3/8″ seam allowance, sew each side of the facemask. Backstitch over the elastic or fabric ties to secure them. Trim the corners with scissors so that it will be easier to turn the mask right side out. Becare not to accidentally clip the stitches.

Turn the mask right side out and press with an iron. You can use a pencil to push out the corners.

using wire to create a flexible nose piece on a fabric mask

Optional: Insert a Flexible Nose Piece

Cut a 6-inch piece of pipe cleaner, floral wire, or other flexible wire to create a nose piece. I folded the ends of wire back into to keep them from poking through the fabric. Place the wire through the pocket hole and slide it up to the very top of the mask. Stitch around it on all 3 sides to keep it in place.

making the folds for a pleated face mask

Step 4: Make the Pleats

Make the mask with three evenly spaced lines. To do this, you can measure and mark with a water-soluble fabric pen. Or, you can do what I did, and fold the mask in quarters – fold the sides to meet in the middle, and then fold again in half. Use an iron to make a crease.

use pins to secure three pleats on a fabric surgical mask

Use your markings to create three evenly spaced 1/2” pleats. Pin the folds down, make sure all pleats are facing the same direction. Sew along the sides to secure the pleats. I like to sew down the sides twice, just to make sure.

When the mask is worn, the pleats should open downwards to prevent any particles from collecting in the fold pockets.

sewing down the pleats on the side of a fabric face mask for hospitals

Troubleshooting the Pattern

What if you can’t find elastic?

I’ve heard from many people that are having a hard time finding elastic. If you can’t find elastic to make the ear loops, you can make a mask with fabric ties instead. You can use ready-made 1/4″ twill tape, double-fold bias tape, or cut long strips of the same tightly woven cotton fabric you are using for the rest of the mask.

To make bias binding fabric ties: Cut 18″ long strips of fabric, 1.75″ wide. Fold the long sides together (lengthwise or hot-dog style) so that they meet in the middle. Then fold the strips in half again (lengthwise) to encase the raw edges. Stitch down the strips along the edge to create the ties.

how to make bias binding fabric strips that you can use to make face masks with ties

If you wanted these straps to have a bit of stretch, you could also cut long strips from cotton jersey or knit T-shirt material. The great thing about using jersey fabric is that it will form itself into a tube when you stretch it. And, it’s comfortable to wear since it keeps a bit of stretch.

Whichever option you choose, you’ll want to cut 4 pieces about 18″ long, and attach one strip to each of the corners. The mask will fasten by tying the straps behind the head.

What about metal to help the mask fit better?

To help the mask fit better around your nose, you can insert a length of flexible metal to the top inside of the mask, through the pocket insert opening before forming the pleats. Then, you can topstitch down around the metal insert so that it stays in place. I’ve seen people use pipe cleaners, floral wire, or twist ties.

I have another article all about how to add a nose wire to masks patterns and premade masks.

What can you use as a filter?

It is so important that everyone understands that while wearing a cloth face mask can offer some level of protection, it can’t protect against viruses the same way that an N95 mask can.

Many different types of filters have been suggested, like coffee filters, felt, and vacuum filter bags. Not all of these filters are effective, and not all of them are safe.

Without further research into the safety and efficacy of face mask filter materials, we won’t know what the best filter is.

Face Mask Filter Materials: Pros and Cons

  • HEPA filters. In testing, a layer of HEPA vacuum cleaner bag seemed to perform the best. However, it is difficult to breathe through. In addition, many people have raised concerns over the safety of materials (like fiberglass) used to produce these filters. At this time I can’t recommend them.
  • Coffee filters. One of the mask designs that the CDC has published includes a layer of a coffee filter. They are readily available and disposable.
  • Blue shop towels. Others have tested the efficacy of blue shop towels, like these. They look promising, but the data hasn’t been released publically or verified.
  • Dryer sheet or baby wipes. Because these items are coated in fragrances and other chemicals, I don’t recommend using these as a filter.
  • Non-woven interfacing. This has been suggested many times in the comments. I can’t find research suggesting it will help. If you choose to use interfacing, avoid the fusible/iron-on types.
  • Flannel or felt. These materials are not as closely woven as the cotton fabric on the outside of the mask, so it is doubtful they would improve filtration effectiveness. In addition, they may trap moisture.
  • One more layer of cotton fabric. The research we do have suggests that the safest and simplest option for a filter is cotton t-shirt material or tightly woven cotton fabric.

If you are sewing for hospitals, they may have their own medical grade filters. Always call before you sew to check their requirements.

Disclaimer: This pattern has not been industry-tested and is intended for educational purposes only. The decision to use this device is solely your own.

Where can you donate masks?

Not all hospitals are requesting masks, but many are. Search your local hospital to see if they have requested donations.

Many groups, such as the Sewing & Craft Alliance, are working to connect healthcare organizations with volunteer sewists. Check out their website, WeNeedMasks.org.

Also, an organization called Masks for Heroes has a website with a searchable database of facilities currently seeking donations. If you are wondering where you can donate masks, they can help you find a hospital or clinic that needs them.

How do you wear a cloth mask?

It’s important to use proper procedures when putting on, and taking off, your mask. Be careful not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth when removing the mask and wash your hands immediately afterward.

Here is a clear, step-by-step guide to the best way to properly wear a face mask.

Important to Note: Per the CDC, masks “should not be placed on young children younger than 2 years of age, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the cover without assistance.”

What about ear savers for face masks?

Try one of these easy DIY Ear Savers patterns to make wearing your face masks much more comfortable! Click for a variety of free patterns.

How do you clean and sanitize a cloth mask?

Wear only dry masks. When masks get moist, even if it’s just from your breath, they need to be cleaned.

Wash masks regularly, with regular detergent and in a hot washing machine cycles. Dry completely.

Free Face Mask Printable Pattern

Click here to download a pattern PDF

Materials

  • cotton fabric, tightly woven
  • 1/8″ elastic, or fabric ties

Tools

  • sewing machine and thread
  • scissors
  • ruler
  • sewing pins or clips

Instructions

  1. Cut the fabric. For an adult size mask, cut 1 fabric rectangle 16″ long and 8.5″ wide. Cut 2 pieces of elastic, each 7″ long. Or, cut 4 fabric ties 18″ long.
    For a child-size mask, cut 1 fabric rectangle 14″ long and 6.5″ wide. Then, cut 2 pieces of elastic, each 6″ long.
  2. Sew the top side, with a pocket opening. Fold the fabric in half, with the right sides facing.
    Sew along the 8.5″ width edge, using a 5/8″ seam allowance. Leave a 3” opening in the center of this seam to create an opening for the filter pocket, and to allow the mask to be turned right side out after sewing.
    Press the seam open. Topstitch/zig-zag stitch along both sides of the seam for a neater edge.
  3. Pin Elastic or Fabric Ties. Pin one piece of elastic to each side of the mask, one end to the top corner and one end to the bottom corner. If using fabric ties, pin one tie to each corner, with the rest of the tie sandwiched inside the two layers of fabric.
  4. Sew the Sides. Sew the sides of the facemask. Backstitch over the elastic or fabric ties to secure them.
    Clip the corners, turn the mask right side out, and press with an iron.
  5. Sew the Pleats
    Create three evenly spaced 1/2” pleats. Pin the folds in place, making sure all pleats are facing the same direction. Sew down each side to secure the pleats.
    Note: When the mask is worn, the pleats should open downwards to prevent any particles from collecting in the fold pockets.

    Notes

    • Some hospitals are requesting a larger pocket opening for faster filter changes — try 4″.
    • For a smaller child size, start with a square that’s 6.5″ by 14″.
    • For a larger child size, start with a square that’s 7.5″ by 15″

    Recommended Products

    As an Amazon Associate and member of other affiliate programs, I earn from qualifying purchases.


    Did you make this project?

    Please leave a comment on the blog or share a photo on Instagram

    A free pattern to sew homemade surgical masks for hospitals. Make a standard pleated face mask with a filter pocket and elastic ear loops or fabric ties from cotton fabric or t-shirt material.

    Remember, before you start sewing a huge batch of masks, please call the hospital or clinic and make sure that they both want and can accept homemade masks.





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    Face Masks and Surgical Masks for COVID-19: Manufacturing, Purchasing, Importing, and Donating Masks During the Public Health Emergency


    masque chirurgical - masques faciaux et masques chirurgicaux pour COVID-19

    En général, les masques sont utilisés par le grand public et le personnel de santé pour empêcher la propagation d’une infection ou d’une maladie.

    Cette page est destinée aux personnes et aux organisations qui travaillent pour la première fois avec la FDA. Pour aider à élargir la disponibilité des masques faciaux et des masques chirurgicaux, la FDA offre une flexibilité réglementaire, comme décrit dans notre politique pour les masques faciaux et les masques chirurgicaux qui est en vigueur pendant la pandémie COVID-19.

    Si vous êtes intéressé par la fabrication de ces produits, nous vous exhortons à consulter l’autorisation d’utilisation d’urgence (EUA) de la FDA pour masques faciaux (PDF-98KB) (publié le 24 avril 2020) et la politique de la FDA sur masques faciaux et masques chirurgicaux en vigueur pendant l’urgence de santé publique COVID-19, et lisez les informations sur cette page. Vous pouvez envoyer des questions spécifiques à CDRH-COVID19-SurgicalMasks@fda.hhs.gov.

    Q: Quels masques sont les appareils médicaux réglementés par la FDA?

    A. Les masques faciaux commercialisés auprès du grand public à des fins générales non médicales, telles que l’utilisation dans la construction et d’autres applications industrielles, ne sont pas des dispositifs médicaux. Les masques faciaux, lorsqu’ils sont destinés à un usage médical tel que le contrôle à la source (y compris les utilisations liées au COVID-19) et les masques chirurgicaux sont des dispositifs médicaux.

    Q: Y a-t-il une différence entre un masque et un respirateur?

    UNE: Masques et respirateurs les deux couvrent le nez et la bouche du porteur, mais ils diffèrent sur plusieurs aspects.

    Les masques sont amples et peuvent ne pas offrir une protection complète contre l’inhalation d’agents pathogènes en suspension dans l’air, tels que les virus.

    • Masques faciaux (masques non chirurgicaux) peut ne pas fournir de protection contre les fluides ou ne pas filtrer les particules, nécessaires pour se protéger contre les agents pathogènes, tels que les virus. Ils ne sont pas destinés à un usage chirurgical et ne sont pas considérés comme des équipements de protection individuelle.
    • Masques chirurgicaux sont des dispositifs résistants aux fluides, jetables et amples qui créent une barrière physique entre la bouche et le nez du porteur et l’environnement immédiat. Ils sont destinés à être utilisés en milieu chirurgical et ne fournissent pas une protection complète contre l’inhalation d’agents pathogènes en suspension dans l’air, tels que les virus.

    Les respirateurs sont des équipements de protection individuelle qui s’adaptent étroitement au visage et filtrent les particules en suspension pour protéger les travailleurs de la santé. Ils offrent un niveau de protection plus élevé contre les virus et les bactéries lorsque correctement ajusté. Ce document ne traite pas des respirateurs.

    Ce Infographie CDC explique les différences entre les masques chirurgicaux et les respirateurs N95.

    Q: Je suis intéressé par la fabrication de masques faciaux pour COVID-19. Qu’est-ce que je dois faire?

    R: Cela dépendra du type de masque que vous souhaitez fabriquer.

    Les masques à usage non médical ne sont pas des dispositifs médicaux et ne sont pas réglementés par la FDA.

    La FDA a publié un EUA pour les masques faciaux qui répondent à certains critères, y compris les revêtements faciaux en tissu recommandés par les Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Pendant l’urgence de santé publique COVID-19, un masque facial à usage médical qui est destiné à être utilisé comme contrôle à la source, n’est pas étiqueté comme masque chirurgical et n’est pas destiné à fournir une protection contre les liquides, peut être autorisé en vertu de la “parapluie” EUA pour les masques faciaux sans soumettre de documentation à la FDA si le masque facial répond aux critères d’éligibilité. Un masque facial autorisé en vertu de cet EUA doit être conforme aux conditions d’autorisation (section IV) de l’EUA. Veuillez noter que cet EUA n’autorise pas l’utilisation des masques faciaux comme équipement de protection individuelle.

    En plus de l’EUA «parapluie» pour les masques faciaux, comme décrit dans la politique de la FDA sur masques faciaux et masques chirurgicaux en vigueur pendant l’urgence de santé publique COVID-19, la FDA ne s’attend pas à ce que les fabricants de masques faciaux à usage médical qui ne sont pas destinés à fournir une protection contre les liquides présentent une notification à la FDA avant de commencer à commercialiser leur produit, ou à se conformer à certaines exigences réglementaires, lorsque le masque facial ne le fait pas. créer un risque indu à la lumière de l’urgence de santé publique.

    En vertu de cette politique, la FDA estime que les masques faciaux non destinés à fournir une protection contre les liquides ne créent pas un tel risque indu lorsque:

    • Les masques faciaux incluent un étiquetage qui:
      • Décrit avec précision le produit comme un masque facial (par opposition à un masque chirurgical ou à un respirateur à masque filtrant);
      • Comprend une liste de matériaux en contact avec le corps (qui n’inclut aucun médicament ou produit biologique); et
      • Comprend des recommandations et des déclarations générales qui réduiraient le risque d’utilisation. Par exemple, des recommandations contre l’utilisation:
        • Dans tout cadre chirurgical ou dans les cas où une exposition significative à des liquides, corporels ou autres liquides dangereux peut être attendue;
        • Dans un environnement clinique où le niveau de risque d’infection par inhalation est élevé;
        • En présence d’une source de chaleur à haute intensité ou d’un gaz inflammable;
    • Les masques faciaux ne sont pas destinés à un usage qui créerait un tel risque indu. Par exemple, l’étiquetage n’inclut pas les utilisations pour la protection antimicrobienne ou antivirale, la prévention ou la réduction des infections ou les utilisations connexes, et n’inclut pas les allégations de filtration des particules.

    Q: Je suis intéressé par la fabrication de masques chirurgicaux pour COVID-19. Qu’est-ce que je dois faire?

    Lors de l’urgence de santé publique COVID-19, et comme décrit dans la politique de la FDA sur les masques faciaux et les masques chirurgicaux qui est en vigueur pendant l’urgence de santé publique COVID-19, la FDA ne s’attend pas à ce que les fabricants de masques chirurgicaux destinés à fournir une protection contre les liquides de soumettre une notification à la FDA avant de commencer la commercialisation de leur produit, ou de se conformer à certaines exigences réglementaires lorsque les masques chirurgicaux ne créent pas de risque indu à la lumière de l’urgence de santé publique.

    En vertu de la politique, la FDA estime que les masques chirurgicaux destinés à fournir une protection contre les liquides ne créent pas de risque indu lorsque:

    • Les masques chirurgicaux répondent à des performances de barrière aux liquides conformes à Norme ASTM F1862 et l’exigence d’inflammabilité de classe I ou de classe II selon 16 CFR partie 1610 (sauf si étiqueté avec une recommandation contre l’utilisation en présence d’une source de chaleur de haute intensité ou d’un gaz inflammable);
    • Les masques chirurgicaux comprennent un étiquetage qui décrit avec précision le produit comme un masque chirurgical et comprend une liste des matériaux en contact avec le corps (qui ne comprennent aucun médicament ou produit biologique); et
    • Les masques chirurgicaux ne sont pas destinés à un usage qui créerait un tel risque indu. Par exemple, l’étiquetage n’inclut pas les utilisations pour la protection antimicrobienne ou antivirale, la prévention ou la réduction des infections ou les utilisations connexes, et n’inclut pas les allégations de filtration des particules.

    Q: Je souhaite importer des masques pour COVID-19. Qu’est-ce que je dois faire?

    R: Pour éviter les retards d’envois légitimes, nous exhortons les importateurs à examiner Importation de fournitures pour COVID-19 et instructions aux importateurs pour des informations importantes sur l’importation de produits, y compris les masques faciaux et les masques chirurgicaux, afin de garantir que la documentation appropriée est soumise au moment de l’entrée. La FDA est prête et disponible pour s’engager avec les importateurs afin de minimiser les perturbations pendant le processus d’importation. Si vous avez des questions concernant le processus d’importation général, vous pouvez envoyer un e-mail COVID19FDAIMPORTINQUIRIES@fda.hhs.gov. Si vous avez des questions concernant une entrée active, veuillez contacter le bureau de la FDA couvrant votre port d’entrée en visitant le Page Bureaux d’importation et port d’entrée de la FDA.

    Q: Je souhaite acheter des masques pour COVID-19. Comment savoir s’ils sont contrefaits ou frauduleux?

    R: La FDA ne délivre aucun type de certification pour démontrer qu’un fabricant est en conformité avec les exigences de la FDA.

    La FDA n’a pas de liste exhaustive de tous les produits contrefaits ou frauduleux. Pour signaler les produits COVID-19 frauduleux à la FDA, veuillez envoyer un e-mail FDA-COVID-19-Fraudulent-Products@fda.hhs.gov.

    Q: Je voudrais acheter des masques pour les travailleurs de la santé pendant la pandémie COVID-19. Comment puis-je les obtenir?

    R: La FDA n’a pas de liste de fournisseurs de masques. Si vous êtes un établissement de santé, consultez votre fournisseur, distributeur ou votre service de santé local.

    Q: J’aimerais faire don de masques aux travailleurs de la santé pendant la pandémie COVID-19. Comment pouvez-vous m’aider avec mon don?

    R: La FDA n’achète ni ne distribue de masques. Si vous souhaitez faire un don de masques, veuillez consulter COVID-19 Offre de fournitures ou d’équipements médicaux.

    Q: Je voudrais réutiliser les masques pendant la pandémie COVID-19. Qu’est-ce que je dois faire?

    R: En cette période de forte demande de masques, il y a stratégie de conservation pour atténuer les pénuries de masques.

    Q: Un masque peut-il prétendre être conforme à une norme d’efficacité de filtration du National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)?

    R: Non. Les masques ne peuvent prétendre répondre à une norme d’efficacité de filtration NIOSH. De telles allégations ne peuvent être faites que pour un respirateur, lorsque le respirateur atteint une efficacité de filtration spécifiée.

    Prochaines étapes

    Si vous êtes toujours intéressé par la fabrication de masques faciaux et / ou de masques chirurgicaux à utiliser pendant la pandémie COVID-19, consultez ces documents:

    Documents de la FDA

    Autres documents



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