Over the last few months, we’ve seen a great discussion regarding face masks and their effectiveness in the fight against COVID-19. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has alone changed its face masks recommendations several times.
The CDC advised at first that masks should be worn by only those who have symptoms, and then they stated that everyone should wear a face mask outside of their home. This has stirred up the world and created a high demand for face masks.
People started selling and buying masks everywhere, without really knowing whether they are certified, approved by the WHO and FDA, or whether they’re efficient.
However, there was a problem, and is there even today; there’s wasn’t and isn’t enough surgical masks for everyone, and the priority always shifts to healthcare workers and first responders.
Even today, the CDC urges people to not wear surgical masks, for logical reasons; doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers need those masks the most. But if you do come across a surgical mask and decide to wear it, here’s what you should know!
But, before we start, make sure to check out Dr. Richard Davis conducting two demonstrations about how wearing a mask can block respiratory particles. In the first demonstration, he talked, sang, coughed, and sneezed without a mask, and in the other, he used a mask. The result surely speak for themselves;
Surgical Face Mask: 15 Things To Know Before Buying
- Surgical masks are disposable, loose-fitting devices used to prevent virus transmission and potential contamination of one’s nose, mouth, and respiratory system.
- Surgical masks are FDA-regulated masks, intended for medical application.
- Surgical masks, both in the USA and EEA need to conform to the ASTM F2100 and EN 14683 standards. In both standards, there needs to be Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) higher than 95% with particles of size higher than 3.0 μm.
- Surgical masks should have at least three layers and be made from nonwoven fabric via the melt blowing process.
- The CDC and the WHO recommend surgical masks only be worn by health care staff, and the general public should opt for cloth or disposable face masks.
- Several emerging studies show that surgical masks can be as effective against COVID-19 as N95 or KN95 masks.
- Surgical masks can cause skin irritation, rashes, acne breakout, breathing difficulties, and overall irritability.
- According to CDC, surgical and face masks should wear anyone over the age of 2, provided they don’t have specific illnesses and conditions which prevent them from wearing a mask.
1. What Are Surgical Face Masks?
Often referred to as face masks, surgical masks can also be labeled as isolation, dental, and medical procedure masks (but not all face masks are regulated as surgical masks). Surgical masks may come with or without a face shield.
2. Are Surgical Face Masks Tested And Approved?
Surgical masks are FDA-regulated masks, approved for medical purposes and use. These masks are designed to be fluid resistant and ensure the proper protection against hazardous bodily fluids (droplets, splashes, sprays – coughing, sneezing).
In the Europe Economic Area (EEA), surgical masks have to be certified through the CE marking process, before commercialization (a product needs to conform with health, safety, and environmental protection before sold within EEA). This means that the masks need to be made with respect to Medical Device Regulations, or directives for medical devices.
Surgical masks, both in the USA and EEA need to conform to the ASTM F2100 and EN 14683 standards. In both standards, there needs to be Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) higher than 95% with particles of size higher than 3.0 μm.
3. What Is The Purpose Of A Surgical Face Mask?
Surgical masks are intended to protect the wearer from any form of hazardous bodily fluid if worn properly. The masks are also intended to create a barrier between the wearer of the mask and the particles like bacteria, viruses, or fluid that may contain bacteria or viruses.
Surgical masks may reduce the risk of exposure to contaminants, saliva, and respiratory secretions of others, or may lower the risk of you exposing other people to the same contaminants and bodily fluids.
4. How Are Surgical Face Masks Made?
That is why it is important to bear in mind that not every surgical mask is made equally the same, nor do they have the same protective efficiency.
Surgical masks are often three-ply (have three layers). The three-ply material is made from melt-blown polymer, placed between the nonwoven fabric. The masks can often expand in such a way to cover the area from the nose to the chin, and they are secured to the head with either head ties, elastic straps or ear loops.
5. Who Should Wear A Surgical Face Mask?
The CDC and the WHO recommend surgical masks only to be worn by health care staff during the evaluation of and care for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, as stated by Health Departments across the US.
6. Are Surgical Masks Efficient?
Surgical masks are effective when it comes to blocking splashes and large-particle droplets.
However, they do not provide complete protection from germs, bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants, because these masks are loose-fitting.
There’s always space between the mask and the face, which doesn’t make surgical masks 100% efficient. Surgical masks DO NOT filter or block very small airborne particles that can be transmitted by sneezing, coughing, or during medical procedures.
7. Are Surgical Masks Effective Against COVID-19 (Coronavirus)?
Three randomized studies have shown that surgical masks can be just as effective as N95 or KN95 respiratory face masks against COVID-19, only if worn properly and if the loose-fit is fixed as much as possible.
8. How Is The Performance Of A Surgical Face Mask Evaluated?
The performance of a surgical mask is evaluated using the parameters of filtrations, exposure, mask airflow resistance, liquid penetration resistance, air and water vapor permeability, and water repellency.
9. Are Surgical Masks Disposable?
Surgical masks are made for one-time use and aren’t intended to be used more than once. They are also made to be disposable.
Make sure to dispose of the mask using a plastic bag, which you will throw in the trash. It is essential you wash your hands with soap or alcohol-based sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol) after handling a used surgical, or any kind of mask.
10. How To Recognize A Certified Surgical Face Mask?
Certified surgical masks are supposed to come with labeling that accurately describes the product as a surgical mask. There should also be a list of the body contacting materials, as well as the uses for antimicrobial and antiviral protection, infection prevention, protection during a surgical procedure, or any other related uses.
However, it is important to know that the FDA does NOT issue any kind of certification to demonstrate a manufacturer is in compliance with the FDA requirements.
The FDA also does NOT have a list of all counterfeit or fraudulent products.
They also do NOT have a list of mask suppliers.
11. What Are The Limitations Of Surgical Masks?
- Limited supply due to high demand.
- Have to be safely handled; these masks shouldn’t be touched, and if touched, the person wearing/touching the mask needs to wash their hands thoroughly.
- Surgical masks cannot be washed.
- Surgical masks cannot be reused, even if the FDA and CDC advise possible extended use or reuse as a part of the protective measure strategy.
- Surgical masks need to be discarded immediately if there are signs of damage or deformity if the mask is wet, dirty, if breathing becomes difficult, if the mask is contaminated by blood, saliva, respiratory secretion, or any other bodily fluid.
12. Are Surgical Masks Harmful?
High breathing resistance makes it difficult for individuals to breathe and take in sufficient amounts of oxygen.
A shortage of oxygen is proven to affect the nervous system and heart rate, which can further cause stress and reduce work tolerance. There is further evidence of surgical masks causing skin irritation, thermal stress, itchiness, fatigue, and overall discomfort while wearing the mask.
13. Should Children Wear Surgical Masks?
Surgical or face masks should NOT be worn by children younger than two, due to suffocation risk. However, children older than the age of two should be wearing surgical or facial masks, according to the latest CDC update. Even children with special health conditions, with rare exceptions, are supposed to wear facial masks.
However, children who are unable to remove a face mask on their own should NOT wear one in the first place. Children should wear a face or surgical mask in child care, at school, or in case they cannot stay 6 feet away from others.
14. Where Can I Buy Certified Surgical Face Masks?
- Amazon – there seem to be numerous stores on Amazon that sell legit, certified, and registered surgical, disposable masks. You can buy a variety of packs, for rather affordable prices. We recommend you check out some of the stores and see which offers are the best for your needs.
- CovCare – here you can buy certified and FDA approved disposable surgical masks in packs of 50, 100, 250, 500 masks, as well as amounts of over 20 to 500 boxes of masks. There is currently a sale on the site, so make sure to check CovCare out. This is a credible and reliable source of personal protective equipment for the general public as well as the medical staff.
- LecheeUS – here you can buy packs of registered surgical masks for affordable prices. The masks are FDA approved, and the company ships the masks for free within the US. The masks are also intended for the general public, so by buying these you won’t have to worry about interfering with the supplies for medical workers.
15. What Are The Best Alternatives For Surgical Face Masks?
Sure, these are not as effective as respiratory face masks, but they can still provide protection and reduce hand-to-face contact.